Brexit Withdrawal Agreement Ratified
After consent of the European Parliament, the Council must adopt a decision confirming the agreement. Once this has been published in the Official Journal, the ratification process will be completed, at least for non-mixed agreements. To reach this point, it requires the approval of the Council, Parliament and, in the case of a mixed agreement, the national and regional parliaments of the Member States. These barriers are controls and balances to ensure that key interests have a say when agreements are reached on their behalf. The agreement also provides for a transitional period that will last until 31 December 2020 and may be extended by mutual agreement.  „If the UK authorities violate or threaten to violate or violate the Withdrawal Agreement by the UK Single Market Act in its current form or in any other way, the European Parliament will under no circumstances ratify an agreement between the EU and the UK,“ the chairmen of the European Parliament`s political groups and members of its UK Coordination Group said in a joint statement. The 2019 revisions also adapted elements of the political declaration and replaced the word „appropriate“ with „appropriate“ with respect to labour standards. According to Sam Lowe, a fellow at the Centre for European Reform, the amendment excludes labour standards from dispute settlement mechanisms.  In addition, the mechanism for a level playing field has been moved from the legally binding Withdrawal Agreement to the Political Declaration and the line in the Political Declaration that „the UK will consider aligning itself with EU legislation in relevant areas“ has been deleted.  Immediately after the announcement of a revised withdrawal agreement on 17 October 2019, Labour, the Liberal Democrats and the DUP declared that they could not support the new agreement.  This recommendation does not bind Members during the vote, but it is a clear signal of Parliament`s will. .